Ceramic tile flooring is famous for its durability, versatility, and aesthetic appeal. Understanding its manufacturing process provides valuable insight into its quality and characteristics. Our post here will explore how ceramic tile flooring is made, including the differences with porcelain tile flooring.
Raw materials and preparation
Ceramic tile production begins with carefully selected raw materials—clay, minerals, and water—that are blended and refined. This creates a homogeneous mixture, which is then dried to eliminate excess moisture and transformed into a workable powder known as the "body."
Shaping and tile formation
The body mixture is shaped using a hydraulic press or extruder. The press applies pressure, compacting the powder into the desired tile shape. Alternatively, an extruder forces the mixture through a die, forming long strips of clay that are cut into individual tiles.
Firing and glazing
Tiles are fired in a kiln at high temperatures. Firing hardens the tiles, strengthens their structure, and reduces water absorption. The firing temperature varies based on the type of ceramic tile. Traditional ceramic tiles are fired at lower temperatures, while porcelain tiles are fired at extremely high temperatures, resulting in a denser and more durable product.
Glazing, an optional step, involves applying a liquid glass coating to the tile surface. Glaze enhances durability, facilitates cleaning, and offers various color, pattern, and finish options. It allows for limitless design possibilities.
Finishing and quality control
After firing and glazing, tiles undergo finishing processes to ensure uniformity and quality. Edges are smoothed or beveled for a finished appearance and easier installation. Rigorous quality control inspections check for imperfections such as cracks, warping, or uneven glazing. Only tiles that meet strict standards are packaged for distribution.
Contact us for ceramic tile flooring in Bellevue, Auburn, and Lynnwood
Understanding the process of making ceramic tile flooring provides valuable insights into its quality and characteristics. The careful selection and blending of raw materials, shaping, firing, and optional glazing contribute to ceramic tiles' durability and aesthetic appeal.
Curious how this advanced process translates into benefits for your home? Our Nielsen Bros Flooring professionals stand by to answer all your questions. We provide porcelain and ceramic tile flooring in Bellevue, Auburn, and Lynnwood, WA, from our showrooms there and in Redmond, Kirkland, Renton, and the surrounding Seattle areas. Stop by and find your perfect tile flooring today.