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TILE PROPERTIES

Let us help you make the best decision for your home

In Nielsen Bros Flooring's efforts to bring you the highest–level quality products, our tile goes through industry-standardized testing and classification to determine their overall performance. By establishing each tile’s specific resistance to damage from scratching, breaking, abrasion and moisture, we can bring consumers the most effective match for their surface covering needs. We stand behind every brand in the ceramic tile collections we carry - you deserve only our very best as a customer at Nielsen Bros Flooring!

Scratch Hardness

Each tile is rated for scratch resistance or “hardness” using the Mohs scale of mineral hardness. Rated from 1 (the softest rating) to 10 (the hardest), the Mohs scale helps us get an idea of the most effective applications for a particular style of tile.

We recommend ceramic tile with a value of five (5) or more for application in your home. Tile with a value of seven (7) or higher is suitable for commercial applications and areas that receive heavy foot traffic.

Wear Rating

Whether you're opening a neighborhood restaurant or preparing your home for hosting a family gathering, you need your floor tailor–made for its anticipated crowd–size.

The durability of ceramic tile is measured by observing the visible surface abrasion when subjected to industry standard testing procedures. From these tests tiles are evaluated for wear resistance on the P.E.I. (Porcelain Enamel Institute) scale from 1 (the lowest resistance) to 5 (the highest):

PEI 1: Light Traffic — This is recommended for residential flooring and bathrooms or other areas typically subject only to soft–soled footwear or normal traffic without dirt.

PEI 2: Medium Traffic — This is recommended for residential interiors or normal footwear traffic subjected to small amounts of dirt.

PEI 3: Medium–Heavy Traffic — This is recommended for all residential interiors and lightly used commercial areas subject to normal footwear traffic and only occasional amounts of dirt.

PEI 4: Heavy Traffic — This is suitable for all residential interiors and most commercial areas that are subject to high foot traffic and dirt.

PEI 5: Heavy–Plus Traffic — This can be use in all residential and commercial areas that are subject to extreme footwear traffic and dirt, where heavy–duty wearability is a necessity.

Water Absorption

When choosing the right tile for a courtyard, patio or walkway, you want to be sure that the surface can endure any inclement weather that may occur. Water absorption rate, which  also describes the density of the body of tile, is another classification provided to help customers make good decisions.

The ideal tile floor has a very low water absorption rate, which is especially important in climates that are subject to freezing and thawing cycles. These are typically porcelain body tiles with a water absorption rating of less than 0.5%.